THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR AS A SOCIAL REVOLUTION: THE ENLIGHTENMENT, PROVIDENTIAL CONSCIOUSNESS AND CHANGES IN MORAL PERCEPTION
Vol.1, Issue 1, 2015, pp.80-96 Full text
DOI https://doi.org/10.33919/esnbu.15.1.7 ☍
Author: Tadd Graham Fernée
Affiliation: New Bulgarian University
This article analyses Enlightenment ideas and nation-making practices in the American Civil War and pre-War civil societies. It analyses African American mobilization and the abolitionist movement, and Lincoln’s role in war, reconciliation and development. The international context is investigated in a case for relational nation making. The role of non-violent mobilization is assessed. It examines the war’s social revolutionary implications. The war’s unprecedented violence anticipated 20th century total war, fundamentally deciding the republic’s future. State/civil society interactions, and changes in public moral perception, reshape longstanding institutional arrangements, and decide core ethical issues including the meaning of humanity.
Keywords: American Civil War, Enlightenment, slavery, mass movements, revolution, globalization, modernization, religion
Received: 13 October 2014;
Accepted: 31 January 2015;
Published: 1 February 2015
Fernée, T. G. (2015). The American Civil War as a social revolution: The Enlightenment, providental consciousness and changes in moral perception. English Studies at NBU, 1(1), 80-96. https://doi.org/10.33919/esnbu.15.1.7 ☍
Copyright © 2015 Tadd Graham Fernée
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. If you want to use the work commercially, you must first get the author's permission.
Bensel, R. F. (2000). The Political Economy of American Industrialization, 1877–1900. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Davis, D. B. (2006). Inhuman Bondage: The Rise and Fall of Slavery in the New World. New York: Oxford.
Douglass, F. (2008). My Bondage and My Freedom. Radford: Wilder Publications.
Doyle, W. (2012). The Oxford History of the French Revolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Emerson, R. W. (1860). The Conduct of Life. Boston: Ticknor & Fields.
Emerson, R. W. (1950). Complete Essays and Other Writings. New York: Modern Library.
Faust, D. G. (2008). The Republic of Suffering. Death and the American Civil War. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
Faust, D. G. (Ed.) (1981). The Ideology of Slavery Proslavery Thought in the Antebellum South, 1830-1860. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.
Finseth, I. F. (2006). The American Civil War. An Anthology of Essential Writings. New York: Routledge.
Fountain, D.L. (2010). Slavery, Civil War, and Salvation: African American slaves and Christianity, 1830–1870. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.
Guelzo, A. C. (2009). Abraham Lincoln as a man of ideas. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.
Keysarr, A. (2000). The right to vote: the contested history of democracy in the United States. New York: Basic Books.
Lincoln, A. (2000). The Life and Writings of Abraham Lincoln, ed. Stern P.V.D. New York: Modern Library.
Melville, H. (1994). Moby Dick. London: Penguin.
Meyers, D. J. (2005). And the War Came: the Slavery Quarrel and the American Civil War. New York: Algora Publishing.
Midgley, C. (1995). Women against Slavery. The British Campaigns, 1780–1870. London: Routledge.
Morgan, E. S. (1975). American Slavery, American Freedom: The Ordeal of Colonial Virginia. New York: W.W. Norton.
Munro, M. & Walcott-Hackshaw, E. (Eds.) (2006). Reinterpreting the Haitian Revolution and its cultural aftershocks. Kingston: University of West Indies Press.
Postma, J. (2008). Slave Revolts. Westport: Greenwood Press.
Rable, G. C. (2010). God’s almost chosen peoples: a religious history of the American Civil War. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
Sen, A. (2000). Development as Freedom. Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Thoreau, H. D. (2003). A Plea for Captain John Brown. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press.
Tulloch, H. (2006). The Routledge Companion to the American Civil War Era. Oxon: Routledge.
Waldstreicher, D (2001). The Struggle against Slavery. A History in Documents. New York: Oxford University Press.