RETHINKING INVERSION IN ENGLISH SYNTAX

Vol.4, Issue 1, 2018, pp.29-40 Full text

Author: Ellie Boyadzhieva


Affiliation: South-West University Neofit Rilski, Blagoevgrad, Bulgaria

Abstract
The article deals with some internal theoretical controversies in the concept and the use of the term inversion in English syntax as used in some descriptive and most pedagogical grammars of Modern English. The analysis focuses mainly on the formation of interrogative and emphatic negative structures in English by applying some basic concepts of generative grammar. The aim of the analysis is to explain the transposition of the subject and the verbal predicate by following the Occam Razor' s principle of scientific description requiring the employment of a minimal number of principles and technicalities in the course of analysis which results in higher explanatory adequacy. This aim is achieved through the application of the terms operator and operator fronting in the cases of both obligatory and reversive inversion. The obligatory visualization of the operator in a series of syntactic structures is also discussed and a general rule is formulated.

Keywords: inversion, insertion, operator, operator fronting, visibility

Article history:
Received: 12 March 2018;
Reviewed: 14 June 2018;
Accepted: 20 June 2018;
Published: 30 June 2018

Citation (APA6):
Boyadzhieva, E. (2018). Rethinking inversion in English syntax. English Studies at NBU, 4(1), 29-40. Retrieved from http://esnbu.org/data/files/2018/2018-1-3-boyadzhieva-pp29-40.pdf

Copyright © Ellie Boyadzhieva


This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. If you want to use the work commercially, you must first get the author's permission.

References:

Camus, L. (2018). Inversion with negative adverbials. Retrieved from https://www.tolearnenglish.com/exercises/exercise-english-2/exercise-english-88760.php ☍

Carter R. &. McCarthy, M. (2006). Cambridge Grammar of English. A Comprehensive Guide. Spoken and Written English Grammar and Usage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Chomsky. N. (1964). Current Issues in Linguistic Theory. In Fodor, J. & Katz, J. (Eds.), The Structure of Language (pp. 50-118). Prentice Hall.

Crystal D. (1999 1994). The Penguin Dictionary of Language. 2nd Edition. Penguin Books.

Deep structure. (2014). In Collins English Dictionary. Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014. Retrieved from https://www.thefreedictionary.com/deep+structure ☍

Deep structure. (2016). In Oxford Dictionary On-line. Retrieved from https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/deep_structure ☍

Edmonds J. L. (1976). A Transformational Approach to English Syntax. New York: Academic Press.

Horner, D. (2014, June 12). Inversion of Negative Adverbials. Retrieved from https://www.hornerschool.com/inversion-negative-adverbials ☍

Inversion (linguistics). (n.d.). Retrieved January 15, 2018, from Wikipedia, [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inversion_(linguistics)]

Inversion. (n.d. a). In Cambridge Dictionary On-line. Retrieved from https://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/word-order-and-focus/inversion ☍

Inversion. (n.d. b). In Meriam Webster Dictionary On-line. Retrieved from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/inversion ☍

Jacobs R. (1993). English Syntax. A Grammar for English Language Professionals. Oxford University Press.

Jespersen O. (1924 1992). The Philosophy of Grammar, 1924. The University of Chicago Press.

Kaye, S. (n.d.). William of Ockham. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved from http://www.iep.utm.edu/ockham/#H2 ☍

Lyons J. (1968). Introduction to Theoretical Linguistics. London: Cambridge University Press.

Nordquist, R. (April 3, 2017). "Fronting (grammar)." ThoughtCo, Retrieved from http://www.thoughtco.com/fronting-in-grammar-1690875 ☍

Perfect English Grammar. (n.d.). Inversion. Retrieved from http://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/inversion.html ☍

Rizzi, L. (2016). The Concept of Explanatory Adequacy. In: Roberts, I. (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Universal Grammar. New York: Oxford University Press.

Spade, P. V. & Panaccio, C. (2016). William of Ockham. In Zalta E.N. (Ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. (Winter 2016 Edition). Retrieved from https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2016/entries/ockham/ ☍

Swan M. (1994). Practical English Usage. Oxford University Press.

Swan M. (2005). Practical English Usage. Third edition. Oxford University Press.

Open Review


1.
Reviewer's name: Tadd Graham Fernée, PhD, New Bulgarian University
Publons Reviewer Profile: https://publons.com/a/1219253 ☍
Review content: Undisclosed

2.
Reviewer's name: Undisclosed
Review content: Undisclosed


Handling Editor: Stan Bogdanov