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Crossmark Policy Statement

DOI https://doi.org/10.33919/esnbu-crossmark ☍

CrossMark is a multi-publisher initiative to provide a standard way for readers to locate the authoritative version of an article or other published content. By applying the CrossMark logo, English Studies at NBU (ESNBU) is committing to maintaining the content it publishes and to alerting readers to changes if and when they occur.

Clicking the CrossMark logo on a document will tell you its current status and may also give you additional publication-record information about the document.

For more information on CrossMark, please visit the CrossMark site.

Corrections and Retractions

ESNBU is committed to uphold the integrity of the literature and publishes Errata, Expressions of Concerns or Retraction Notices dependent on the situation and in accordance with the Committee on Publication Ethics Retraction Guidelines. Such notices are linked to the original article and receive a DOI. Detailed information on the procedures and each amendment category are found in the Correction and Retraction Policy.