RETHINKING INVERSION IN ENGLISH SYNTAX
Vol.4, Issue 1, 2018, pp.29-40 Full text
Web of Science: 000447603600003
South-West University Neofit Rilski, Blagoevgrad, Bulgaria
The article deals with some internal theoretical controversies in the concept and the use of the term inversion in English syntax as used in some descriptive and most pedagogical grammars of Modern English. The analysis focuses mainly on the formation of interrogative and emphatic negative structures in English by applying some basic concepts of generative grammar. The aim of the analysis is to explain the transposition of the subject and the verbal predicate by following the Occam Razor' s principle of scientific description requiring the employment of a minimal number of principles and technicalities in the course of analysis which results in higher explanatory adequacy. This aim is achieved through the application of the terms operator and operator fronting in the cases of both obligatory and reversive inversion. The obligatory visualization of the operator in a series of syntactic structures is also discussed and a general rule is formulated.
Keywords: inversion, insertion, operator, operator fronting, visibility
Submitted: 12 March 2018;
Reviewed: 14 June 2018;
Accepted: 20 June 2018;
Published: 30 June 2018
Boyadzhieva, E. (2018). Rethinking inversion in English syntax. English Studies at NBU, 4(1), 29-40. https://doi.org/10.33919/esnbu.18.1.3
Copyright © Ellie Boyadzhieva
This open access article is published and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. If you want to use the work commercially, you must first get the authors' permission.
Camus, L. (2018). Inversion with negative adverbials. https://www.tolearnenglish.com/exercises/exercise-english-2/exercise-english-88760.php
Carter R. &. McCarthy, M. (2006). Cambridge Grammar of English. A Comprehensive Guide. Spoken and Written English Grammar and Usage. Cambridge University Press.
Chomsky. N. (1964). Current Issues in Linguistic Theory. In Fodor, J. & Katz, J. (Eds.), The Structure of Language (pp. 50-118). Prentice Hall.
Crystal D. (1999 (1994)). The Penguin Dictionary of Language. 2nd Edition. Penguin Books.
Deep structure. (2014). In Collins English Dictionary. Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014. https://www.thefreedictionary.com/deep+structure
Deep structure. (2016). In Oxford Dictionary On-line. https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/deep_structure
Edmonds J. L. (1976). A Transformational Approach to English Syntax. Academic Press.
Horner, D. (2014, June 12). Inversion of Negative Adverbials. https://www.hornerschool.com/inversion-negative-adverbials
Inversion (linguistics). (n.d.). Retrieved January 15, 2018, from Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inversion_(linguistics)
Inversion. (n.d. a). In Cambridge Dictionary On-line. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/word-order-and-focus/inversion
Inversion. (n.d. b). In Meriam Webster Dictionary On-line. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/inversion
Jacobs R. (1993). English Syntax. A Grammar for English Language Professionals. Oxford University Press.
Jespersen O. (1924 1992). The Philosophy of Grammar, 1924. The University of Chicago Press.
Kaye, S. (n.d.). William of Ockham. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. http://www.iep.utm.edu/ockham/#H2
Lyons J. (1968). Introduction to Theoretical Linguistics. Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139165570
Nordquist, R. (April 3, 2017). "Fronting (grammar)." ThoughtCo, Retrieved from http://www.thoughtco.com/fronting-in-grammar-1690875
Perfect English Grammar. (n.d.). Inversion. http://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/inversion.html
Rizzi, L. (2016). The Concept of Explanatory Adequacy. In I. Roberts (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Universal Grammar. Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199573776.013.5
Spade, P. V. & Panaccio, C. (2016). William of Ockham. In Zalta E.N. (Ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. (Winter 2016 Edition). https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2016/entries/ockham/
Swan M. (1994). Practical English Usage. Oxford University Press.
Swan M. (2005). Practical English Usage. Third edition. Oxford University Press.
1. Reviewer's name: Tadd Graham Fernée, PhD, New Bulgarian University
Publons Reviewer Profile
Review content: Undisclosed
2. Reviewer's name: Undisclosed
Review content: Undisclosed
Handling Editor: Stan Bogdanov, PhD, New Bulgarian University