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Vol.5, Issue 1, 2019, pp.59-76 Full text

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Web of Science: 000472606700005

Mohammad Reza Hassanzadeh Javanian

University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

The relationship between a cinematic adaptation and its literary source has sparked scholarly debates in the field of adaptation studies. Developed by the Russian literary critic, Mikhail Bakhtin (1895-1975), dialogism can shed new light on the adaptation-source tie as it highlights the mutual interaction between the two sides. The present study argues that Al Pacino and Richard Loncraine's versions of William Shakespeare's Richard III (1593) stress such a dialogic aspect of the adaptation process. Within this dialogic framework, Pacino's Looking for Richard (1996) establishes a heteroglossial relation with the play as it seeks to eliminate the gap between Shakespeare and the movie's modern viewers. Loncraine's Richard III (1995), however, is marked by a significant chronotopic strategy which situates Richard in new social and political contexts through a change in the play's temporal and spatial elements.

Keywords: dialogism, heteroglossia, chronotope, adaptation studies, Mikhail Bakhtin, William Shakespeare

Article history:
Submitted: 30 November 2018;
Reviewed: 7 March 2019;
Accepted: 18 April 2019;
Published: 1 June 2019

Citation (APA):
Hassanzadeh Javanian, M. R. (2019). Looking for Heteroglossia and Chronotope in New York and London: Pacino and Loncraine's Adaptations of Richard III. English Studies at NBU, 5(1), 59-76.

Copyright © 2019 Mohammad Reza Hassanzadeh Javanian

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Open Review

1. Reviewer's name: Magdalena Grabias, PhD, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, Poland
Publons Reviewer Profile
Review Verified on Publons
Review Content:
The manuscript constitutes an original study of the subject. The author bases his research on Mikhail Bakhtin’s notions of heteroglossia and chronotope and applies them to two contemporary cinematic adaptations of William Shakespeare’s Richard III. The study provides an interesting read for an academic and non-academic reader alike. The author states the aim of the research and scrupulously provides arguments in its favour by means of referring to a broad number of theoretical works. The article allows the reader to form an idea of the discussed field, as well as to follow the author’s clear arguments in the course of the reading, leading up to the conclusion. The manuscript is a sound addition to the fields of literature studies and film studies.

2. Reviewer's name: Irene Ranzato, PhD, Sapienza University of Roma, Italy
Publons Reviewer Profile
Review Verified on Publons
Review Content:
Although the article is based on a ‘classic’ theoretical framework such as Bakhtin’s discourse on dialogism, the line of reasoning followed by the author is original and insightful. The paper is well-structured and its purpose well-defined. Adaptation studies and philosophical sources have been well-selected. The methodological approach is very sound. Being at the intersection of disciplines, it can naturally interest even a readership not strictly concerned with the topic at hand.

Handling Editor: Stan Bogdanov
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