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GENRE-SPECIFIC IRREALIA IN TRANSLATION: CAN IRREALIA HELP DEFINE SPECULATIVE FICTION SUB-GENRES?

Vol.8, Issue 1, 2022, pp. 73-92 Full text

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33919/esnbu.22.1.5
Web of Science: [WOS=]

Author:
Matej Martinkovič https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4848-1782

Affiliation: Constantine the Philosopher University, Nitra, Slovakia

Abstract
Speculative fiction texts and their translation, particularly from English, have been gradually rising in prominence. However, not only do speculative fiction and its sub-genres remain only vaguely defined in general despite numerous attempts by both writers and theoreticians, but their specific features are often even less explored from the perspective of translation studies. This article aims to enrich translation studies understanding of irrealia as signature features of speculative fiction texts. It builds on existing conceptions of both irrealia and realia in order to propose the concept of genre-specific irrealia. Hence, it discusses how irrealia relate to individual sub-genres of speculative fiction and how such distinctions can help the recipient or translator realise the specificity of these elements. The paper has a particular focus on science fiction, although it also discusses fantasy and supernatural horror specific irrealia. The article then illustrates the concept of genre-specific irrealia and discusses its implications for translation on examples drawn from the novel Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury and its Slovak translation by the translator Jozef Klinga.

Keywords: speculative fiction, science fiction, irrealia, genre-specific, translation, Fahrenheit 451

Article history:
Submitted: 07 February 2022
Reviewed: 27 February 2022
Accepted: 14 April 2022
Published: 30 June 2022

Citation (APA):
Martinkovič, M. (2022). Genre-Specific Irrealia in Translation: Can Irrealia Help Define Speculative Fiction Sub-Genres? English Studies at NBU, 8(1), 73-92. https://doi.org/10.33919/esnbu.22.1.5

Funding
This paper was supported by the Scientific Grant Agency VEGA under the project No. 2/0166/19.

Copyright © 2022 Matej Martinkovič

This open access article is published and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. If you want to use the work commercially, you must first get the authors' permission.

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Handling Editor: Boris Naimushin
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