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Vol.9, Issue 2, 2023, pp. 225-238 Full text

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Web of Science: 001131896300003

1 Fatma Yuvayapan
2 Emrah Peksoy

1 Kahramanmaras Sütçü İmam University, Türkiye 03gn5cg19
2 Kahramanmaras Istiklal University, Türkiye 022ge7714

Contributor roles
Project Administration, Investigation, Methodology, Formal Analysis, Writing – original draft, Writing – review and editing: F.Y. (lead);
Conceptualization, Supervision, Visualization: E.P. (lead);
Data curation, Software, Validation: F.Y, E.P. (equal)

Hedges and boosters are two important sources of linguistic devices to express tentative evaluations and to mitigate solidarity with readers. Men and women have different tendencies of using these linguistic devices. Women are usually considered to follow a personal and polite style whereas men are more competitive and assertive. Hence, gender-preferential features of women and men are one of the prerequisites of understanding the functions of hedges and boosters. One relatively neglected aspect of gender-based studies of these linguistic devices is fiction. In this paper, we explored male and female English writers' use of hedges and boosters in HUM19UK Corpus, a corpus of 19th century British fiction. We calculated a statistically significant overuse in the deployment of hedges and boosters by female writers in the 19th century, which is an indication of a new writing style adapted by the female writers in that era. However, the most common items of hedges and boosters were identical in both corpora.

Keywords: hedges, boosters, gender, literature, fiction, nineteenth century

Article history:
Submitted: 8 June 2023
Reviewed: 10 August 2023
Accepted: 5 November 2023
Published: 20 December 2023

Citation (APA):
Yuvayapan, F. & Peksoy, E. (2023). Hedges and Boosters in 19th century British Fiction. English Studies at NBU, 9(2), 225-238.

Copyright © 2023 Fatma Yuvayapan and Emrah Peksoy

This open access article is published and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. If you want to use the work commercially, you must first get the authors' permission.

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1. Reviewer's name: Undisclosed
Review Content: Undisclosed
Review Verified on Publons

2. Reviewer's name: Undisclosed
Review Content: Undisclosed
Review Verified on Publons

Handling Editor: Boris Naimushin, PhD, New Bularian University
Verified Editor Record on Publons

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